Study of Eco-accommodating and Reliable method to Synthesis ZnO NPs by Hibiscus sabdariffa plant and their Bio-applications


  • Ishraq Ahmed Shakir Faculty of Science, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Reem Sami Ali Faculty of Science, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Zainab A. Almosawi Al Nukhba University Collage, Baghdad, Iraq
  • Ahmed N. Abd Faculty of Science, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, Iraq



Green Synthesis Approach, Organic polymers, Semiconductors, X-ray diffraction


In this study, ZnO was produced using a green synthesis approach and deposited on a glass substrate using a drop-casting method. The structural and optical properties have been studied. X-ray diffraction (XRD) shows that the ZnO film is crystalline, with an average size of 21 nm. ZnO NPs have an energy gap of 4.7 eV. The sample's behavior, as shown in the figures, indicates that ZnO has good qualities and can be used in many Bioapplications.


Ahmed N. Abd, Reem S. Ali, Ali A. Hussein (2021), "Fabrication and Characterization of Heterojunction Nickel Oxide Nanoparticles/Silicon", Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science Studies Vol. 2 Issue 4, April – 2016: Conference Series,

Asha Chaudhary, Naresh Kumar, Ravinder Kumar, Raj Kumar Salar (2019), "Antimicrobial activity of zinc oxide nanoparticles synthesized from Aloe vera peel extract" SN Applied Sciences.

Ashwini Jayachandran, Aswathy T. R., Achuthsankar S. Nair (2021), "Green synthesis and characterization of zinc oxide nanoparticles using Cayratia Pedata leaf extract", Biochemistry and Biophysics Reports.

Diallo A, Ngom BD, Park E (2015). Green synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles by Aspalathus linearis: structural & optical properties. J. Alloys Compd., 646:425 430.

Ehab Mohammed Ali, Khetam H.Rasool, Wedian K. Abad, Ahmed N. Abd (2021), "Green Synthesis, Characterization and Antimicrobial activity of CuO nanoparticles (NPs) Derived from Hibiscus sabdariffa a plant and CuCl", J. Physics and Applied Sciences ICPAS.

Nadir F. Habubi, Ahmed N. Abd Mohammed O. Dawood, A. H. Resha (2018), Fabrication and Characterization of a p-AgO/PSi/n-Si Heterojunction for Solar Cell Applications Silicon 10:371–376.

Gopinath, K., Karthika, V., Sundaravadivelan, C., Gowri, S. & Arumugam, A. (2015), Mycogenesis of cerium oxide nanoparticles using Aspergillus niger culture filtrate and their applications for antibacterial and larvicidal activities. J. Nanostruct. Chem. 5, 295–303.

Ibrahim R. Agool, Ahmed N. Abd, Mohammed O. Dawood (2016), "Preparation and Study of colloidal CdO nanoparticles by laser ablation in polyvinylpyrrolidone", International Journal of Engineering and Technologies.

K. Rambabu a, G. Bharath a, Fawzi Banat a, Pau Loke Show (2021), "Green synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles using Phoenix dactylifera waste as bioreductant for effective dye degradation and antibacterial performance in wastewater treatment, Journal of Hazardous Materials 402, 123560.

Kennedy J, Murmu P. P, Manikandan E (2014), Investigation of structural and photoluminescence properties of gas and metal ions doped zinc oxide single crystals. J. Alloys Compd.; 616:614-617.

Khudheir A. Mishjil, Rasha Salah Abbas, Ahmed N. Abd, Nadir F. Habubi (2017), "Fabrication and Characterization of Al/Zno/Si/Al Photodetector", Journal of Multidisciplinary Engineering Science and Technology (JMEST) ISSN: 2458-9403 Vol. 4 Issue 5.

M. Jay Chithra, M. Sathya, K. Pushpanathan (2015),"Effect of pH on Crystal Size and Photoluminescence Property of ZnO Nanoparticles Prepared by Chemical Precipitation Method", Acta Metall. Sin. (Engl. Lett.), 28(3), 394–404

N. Abd, M. F. Al-Marjani, and Z. A. Kadham (2018), “Synthesis of CdO NP S for antimicrobial activity,” Int. J. Thin Film Sci. Technol., vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 43–47, doi: 10.18576/ijtfst/070106.

Nagajyothi CP, Minh An TN, Sreekanth TVM, Lee J-I, Lee DJ, Lee KD (2013), Green route biosynthesis: characterization and catalytic activity of ZnO nanoparticles. Mater Lett 108:160–163

Prasanta Sutradhar andMitali Saha (2016),"Green synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles using tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum) extract and its photovoltaic application", Journal of Experimental Nanoscience, Vol. 11, No. 5, 314-327.

Purkayastha M. D, Manhar A. K. (2016). Nanotechnological Applications in Food Packaging, Sensors and Bioactive Delivery Systems. In Nanoscience in Food and Agriculture.; 59-12.

Ramesh P, Rajendran A, Meenakshisundaram M (2014) Green synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles using flower extract Cassia Auriculata. J Nanosci Nanotechnol 2:41–45

Salam HA, Sivaraj R, Venckatesh R (2014), Green synthesis and characterization of zinc oxide nanoparticles from Ocimum basilicum L. var. purpurascens Benth.-Lamiaceae leaf extract. Mater Lett 131:16–18.

Senthilkumar, R. P. (2019). Biogenic method of cerium oxide nanoparticles synthesis using wireweed (Sida acuta Burm. f.) and its antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli. Mater. Res. Express 6, 105026.

Z Skheel, M H Jaduaa and A. N. Abd (2020), "Biosynthesis and characterization of CdO nanostructure and its influence on cancer cells of (HT29)", Journal of Physics

Arie Wibowo, Maradhana Agung Marsudi, Muhamad Ikhlasul Amal, Muhammad Bagas Ananda, Ruth Stephanie, Husaini Ardy, and Lina Jaya Diguna (2020), "ZnO nanostructured materials for emerging solarcell applications", RSC Adv.

Madhumitha G, Elango G, Roopan S. M. (2016), Biotechnological aspects of ZnO nanoparticles: overview on the synthesis and its applications. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 100:571-581.

Happy Agarwal, S. Venkat Kumar, S. Rajeshkumar (2017), "A review on green synthesis of zinc oxide nanoparticles –An eco-friendly approach", Resource-Efficient Technologies, 3,406–413

Ahmed S, Chaudhry SA, Ikram S. (2017). A review on biogenic synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles using plant extracts and microbes: A prospect towards green chemistry. J Photochem Photobiol.; 166:272-284.

Ovais M, Nadhman A, Khalil A.T, (2017). Biosynthesized colloidal silver and gold nanoparticles as emerging leishmanicidal agents: an insight. Nanomed. 12:2807 2819.


How to Cite

Ishraq Ahmed Shakir, Reem Sami Ali, Zainab A. Almosawi, & Ahmed N. Abd. (2022). Study of Eco-accommodating and Reliable method to Synthesis ZnO NPs by Hibiscus sabdariffa plant and their Bio-applications. International Journal of Scientific and Applied Research (IJSAR), EISSN: 2583-0279, 2(6), 19–27.



Section 2: Natural Sciences